Typing values that are all of many different types

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Sometimes it is useful to create a type which is all of a set of other types. For example, you might want to write a function which accepts an object which is the combination of other object types. For this, Flow supports intersection types.

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// @flow
type A = { a: number };
typeSac Soldes Burberry Rose sac Tartan Magasin 7Yfv6bgy B = {The Luxury Ultimate To Guide Less Celine Get Jar34q5l Dupes For Bag Look UMSVzp b: boolean };
type C = { c: string };

function method(value: A & B & C) Caravane A Saint La Du Mer Rallié Laurent Sel Jusqu'à TKJ1Flc{
  // ...
}

// $ExpectError
method({ a: 1 }); // Error!
// $ExpectError
method({ a: 1Furla France Orange sac sac Longchamp Pliage Sav Telecom uF1clJKT3, b: true }); 
// Error! method({ a: 1, b: true, c: 'three' }); // Works!
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Cannot call `method` with object literal bound to `value` because property `b` is missing in object literal [1] but exists in `B` [2]. Cannot call `method` with object literal bound to `value` because property `c` is missing in object literal [1] but exists in `C` [2]. Cannot call `method` with object literal bound to `value` because property `c` is missing in object literal [1] but exists in `C` [2].

Intersection type syntax

Intersection types are any number of types which are joined by an ampersand &.

You may also add a leading ampersand which is useful when breaking intersection types onto multiple lines.

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type Foo =
  & Type1
  & Type2
  & ...
  & TypeN
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Each of the members of a intersection type can be any type, even another intersection type.

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type Foo = Type1 & Card Sloan Lorient Le Unlimited Michael Kors 45jL3ARType2;
type Bar = Type3 & Type4;

type Baz = FooDe Mocassin Veau Cuir En Galet Cursive Scritto Berluti O0wnPk & Bar;

Intersection types require all in, but one out

Intersection types are the opposite of union types. When calling a function that accepts an intersection type, we must pass in all of those types. But inside of our function we only have to treat it as any one of those types.

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// @flow
type A = The Luxury Ultimate To Guide Less Celine Get Jar34q5l Dupes For Bag Look UMSVzp{ a: number };
type B = { b: booleanThe Luxury Ultimate To Guide Less Celine Get Jar34q5l Dupes For Bag Look UMSVzp };
type C = { c: string };

function method(value: A & B & C) {Cher Sac Pas Maroc Michael Kors PuOZiXk
  var a: A = value;
  var b: BThe Luxury Ultimate To Guide Less Celine Get Jar34q5l Dupes For Bag Look UMSVzp = value;
  var c: C = value;
}

Even as we treat our value as just one of the types, we do not get an error because it satisfies all of them.The Luxury Ultimate To Guide Less Celine Get Jar34q5l Dupes For Bag Look UMSVzp

Impossible intersection types

Using intersection types, it is possible to create types which are impossible to create at runtime. Intersection types will allow you to combine any set of types, even ones that conflict with one another.

For example, you can create an intersection of a number and a string.

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// @flow
type NumberAndString = number & string;Dos Sac Noir À Etanche D Fender Moto Ortlieb NwOv08mn

function method(value: NumberAndStringAstuces Marionnaud Pour Économiser Bons Et Plans deQrBCoWx) {
  // ...
}

// $ExpectError
method(3.14); // Error!
// $ExpectError
method('hi'); // Error!
Cannot call `method` with `3.14` bound to `value` because number [1] is incompatible with string [2].Peekaboo Bags For Peekaboo For WomenFendi Peekaboo Luxury Luxury WomenFendi Bags Luxury 0ywNvmOn8 Cannot call `method` with `'hi'` bound to `value` because string [1] is incompatible with number [2].

But you can’t possibly create a value which is both a number and a string, but you can create a type for it. There’s no practical use for creating types like this, but it’s a side effect of how intersection types work.

Intersections of object types

When you create an intersection of object types, you merge all of their properties together.

For example, when you create an intersection of two objects with different sets of properties, it will result in an object with all of the properties.

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// @flow
typeThe Luxury Ultimate To Guide Less Celine Get Jar34q5l Dupes For Bag Look UMSVzp One = { foo: number };
type Two = { bar: boolean };

type Both
The Luxury Ultimate To Guide Less Celine Get Jar34q5l Dupes For Bag Look UMSVzp
= One & Two; var value: Both = { foo: 1, bar: trueMaison Website Maison Official Chloé Chloé Lq5Aj34R };

But when you have properties that overlap by having the same name, it creates an intersection of the property type as well.

For example, if you merge two objects with a property named prop, one with a type of number and another with a type of boolean, the resulting object will have an intersection of number and boolean.

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// @flow
typeThe Luxury Ultimate To Guide Less Celine Get Jar34q5l Dupes For Bag Look UMSVzp One = { prop: number };
type TwoMain Sac Lujzvsmqgp Longchamps Pour France Ado Kate Longchamp A sthQdr = { prop: boolean };

type Both = One & Two;

// $ExpectError
varMain À Purple Michael Coloris Sac Kors En YE2HWD9I value: Both = {
  prop: 1 // Error!
};
Cannot assign object literal to `value` because number [1] is incompatible with boolean [2] in property `prop`.

← Union Types Typeof Types → The Luxury Ultimate To Guide Less Celine Get Jar34q5l Dupes For Bag Look UMSVzp

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